Un Mosièl de se Chinzie rRyetaniezi – III. Konjigatyejona pen Verbi, iii-vii.

iii. Tempa prefékteva

The tempa prefékteva are the less common three tenses used for remote past, near past and future events . The past and present tenses use the verb avér; the future uses serér; all three employ the pratećípejou preféktevis. For regular verbs, this is formed with –át. For irregulars, it is of course more unpredictable:

Egoure

(to write)

Drare

(to bring)

Kandrye (to say) Dvenyer

(to arrive)

Fasre (to make) Fover (to love)
Participle: egríp dráp kámd dviémd fáp fuót

Avér is formed in a similar manner to vanér:

Avér

Present Past
1st s. aio abi
2nd s. ave abèti
3rd s. au ab
1st pl. avém abím
2nd pl. avét abèt
3rd pl. avie abér

———————-

iv. Tempa imćépteva

The tempa imćépteva are likewise threefold. They are formed as the tempa prefékteva, but with the pratećípejou imćéptevis. This is formed through the suffix –ámz. In the irregulars:

Egoure

(to write)

Drare

(to bring)

Kandrye (to say) Dvenyer

(to arrive)

Fasre (to make) Fover (to love)
Participle: eçevyémz draímz kanémz dvenyémz faćiémz fovémz

——————————

v. Tempa páseva

There are, again, three tempa páseva – past, present and future. They are formed with the auxiliaries of the tempa atáteva, but the preféktevis participle:

Il vam fuót

She was loved

It should be noted that this means that the future pásevis and the future preféktevis are identical in form:

Il sei fuót

She will be loved

Il sei fuót

She will love

This ambiguity can be resolved easily by the addition of a further argument – the pásevis can never take a direct object, and will take its obliques with different prepositions.

——————————

vi. Tempa subyoúkteva

Moving to mood, there are four tempa subyoúkteva, known as subyoúktevis primis praisemz, subyoúktevis primis praitéretu, subyoúktevis şikundis and subyoúktevis trétejis. All have both active and passive forms. In the active voice, the primis tenses are formed with a conjugation of vanér and the atátevis participle; the şikundis, with serér and the future participle; the trétejis, with avér and the perfect participle. The passives are all formed with the perfect participle (rendering the trétejis the same in active and passive, save for the number of arguments).

Vanér

Serér Avér
Present Past
1st s. vagna vanero seza avero
2nd s. vagna vanere seza avere
3rd s. vagn vanér sei avér
1st pl. vagnám vagndrém sezám avrém
2nd pl. vagnát vagndrét sezát avrét
3rd pl. vagná vanerie sezá aver

———————————-

vii. Tempa Modala

Finally, the tempa modala are formed with the auxiliary verbs deure, poire, ecír, segér and goire. They are not true independent tenses, in that they can themselves inflect for three tenses: past, non-past and subjunctive.

Deure

Past Non-past Subjunctive
1st s. debi deio deia
2nd s. debeti devi deia
3rd s. deb dei dei
1st pl. debím devím deiám
2nd pl. debét devít deiát
3rd pl. debér devie deiá

Poire

Past Non-past Subjunctive
1st s. poçi poso pósim
2nd s. poçeti pose pósi
3rd s. poc pos pós
1st pl. poçím posoú posím
2nd pl. poçét posèt posít
3rd pl. poçér posue poseí

Ecír

Past Non-past Subjunctive
1st s. ecivi eçó eciri
2nd s. evyeti ecí ecire
3rd s. ecoú ech ecír
1st pl. eceím ecím echrém
2nd pl. evyèt ecít echrét
3rd pl. evyuér eçué echrié

Segér

Past Non-past Subjunctive
1st s. segi sego N/A
2nd s. segeti sega N/A
3rd s. seg seg N/A
1st pl. segím segám N/A
2nd pl. segét segát N/A
3rd pl. segér segie N/A

Goire

Past Non-past Subjunctive
1st s. golvi gelo geli
2nd s. gulveti geli gela
3rd s. goub gei gei
1st pl. gulvím gelím gelám
2nd pl. gulvét gelít gelát
3rd pl. gulvér geleí geleí
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